12 Early Signs and Symptoms of Ovarian Cancer

Ovarian cancer is a serious health condition that affects a significant number of women worldwide. It is crucial to be aware of the early signs and symptoms of ovarian cancer for early detection and improved chances of successful treatment. In this article, we will explore 12 key indicators that may indicate the presence of ovarian cancer. Remember that it is always recommended to consult with a healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and guidance.

Understanding Ovarian Cancer

Before delving into the early signs and symptoms, it is important to understand the basics of ovarian cancer. The ovaries, located on either side of the uterus, are responsible for producing eggs and hormones. When cancerous cells develop in the ovaries, they can invade nearby tissues and spread to other parts of the body, making it challenging to treat.

Persistent Abdominal Discomfort

One of the early signs of ovarian cancer is persistent abdominal discomfort. Women may experience a constant feeling of pressure or fullness in the lower abdomen. This discomfort may be present for an extended period and is not alleviated by over-the-counter pain medication.

Unexplained Weight Loss or Gain

Sudden and unexplained weight loss or gain can be indicative of ovarian cancer. If you notice a significant change in your weight without any apparent cause, it is advisable to consult your healthcare provider for further evaluation.

Changes in Menstrual Cycle

Ovarian cancer can also affect a woman’s menstrual cycle. Irregular periods, such as heavier or lighter flow than usual, or changes in the duration of the menstrual cycle, should not be ignored, especially if they persist over time.

Pelvic Pain

Persistent or recurring pain in the pelvic region should raise concerns, especially if it is not associated with menstruation or other known causes. Ovarian cancer can cause discomfort in the pelvis, often described as a dull ache or pressure.

Frequent Urination

Frequent urination, even when drinking normal amounts of fluids, can be an early sign of ovarian cancer. If you find yourself needing to urinate more often than usual, it is essential to discuss this symptom with your healthcare provider.

Difficulty Eating or Feeling Full Quickly

Women with ovarian cancer may experience difficulties eating or feel full quickly, even when consuming small amounts of food. This sensation can be attributed to the pressure caused by the tumor on the stomach and intestines.

Back Pain

Ovarian cancer can cause persistent back pain, typically in the lower back region. This pain may be constant or come and go, and it is crucial to pay attention to any unusual or unexplained back pain.

Indigestion or Nausea

Persistent indigestion, nausea, or an uncomfortable bloated feeling after eating may be indicative of ovarian cancer. If you frequently experience these symptoms and they do not resolve with lifestyle changes or over-the-counter medications, it is recommended to consult a healthcare professional.

Fatigue and Low Energy Levels

Unexplained fatigue and low energy levels that persist over time can be a sign of ovarian cancer. If you feel excessively tired and lack energy even after getting adequate rest, it is advisable to seek medical advice.

Changes in Bowel Habits

Changes in bowel habits, such as constipation or diarrhea that is not related to dietary changes or other known causes, may be a symptom of ovarian cancer. If you notice persistent changes in your bowel movements, it is important to discuss this with your healthcare provider.

Abnormal Hair Growth

In some cases, ovarian cancer can cause abnormal hair growth or hair loss. Women may notice excessive facial or body hair growth or experience hair thinning on the scalp. These changes can occur due to hormonal imbalances caused by the presence of ovarian cancer.


Being aware of the early signs and symptoms of ovarian cancer is crucial for early detection and timely treatment. If you experience any of the mentioned signs or symptoms persistently, it is important to consult a healthcare professional for further evaluation. Remember, early detection greatly increases the chances of successful treatment and improved outcomes.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

  1. Can ovarian cancer be prevented? While there is no guaranteed way to prevent ovarian cancer, certain risk-reducing strategies such as oral contraceptive use, pregnancy, breastfeeding, and the removal of fallopian tubes or ovaries in high-risk individuals may lower the risk.
  2. Are the mentioned signs and symptoms exclusive to ovarian cancer? No, the signs and symptoms mentioned can be associated with other conditions as well. It is important to consult with a healthcare professional for a proper diagnosis and evaluation.
  3. Is there a screening test available for ovarian cancer? Currently, there is no recommended routine screening test for ovarian cancer. However, specific imaging tests and blood tests may be performed if there is a suspicion of ovarian cancer based on the presented signs and symptoms.
  4. What are the risk factors for ovarian cancer? Risk factors for ovarian cancer include age, family history of ovarian or breast cancer, certain genetic mutations (BRCA1 and BRCA2), personal history of breast or colorectal cancer, and obesity, among others.
  5. How is ovarian cancer treated? The treatment for ovarian cancer depends on the stage and extent of the disease. It may involve surgery, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, or a combination of these approaches. The treatment plan is determined by the healthcare provider based on individual factors.
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